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THE IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT REGULATORY BODIES ON HUMAN HEALTH IN NIGERIA, A STUDY OF NAFDAC BANS ON ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES IN SACHET IN FEBRUARY 2024

  • Project Research
  • 1-5 Chapters
  • Quantitative
  • Abstract : Available
  • Table of Content: Available
  • Reference Style: APA
  • Recommended for : Student Researchers
  • NGN 3000

​​​​​​​Background of the study

Nigeria, as a developing nation, faces a myriad of challenges in maintaining public health standards amidst a growing population and evolving consumer trends. Among these challenges, the regulation of consumable goods, particularly alcoholic beverages, stands as a critical focal point (Obot & Room, 2011). The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) plays a pivotal role in safeguarding public health by enforcing regulations and standards within the food and drug sector. However, the effectiveness of regulatory interventions, such as bans on specific products, requires rigorous evaluation to ascertain their impact on public health outcomes. Alcohol consumption in Nigeria has been on the rise, fueled by factors such as urbanization, changing lifestyles, and aggressive marketing by alcohol producers (Oyeleye, Ogunmola,  & Oyeleye, 2019). The proliferation of alcoholic beverages, particularly those sold in sachets, has raised concerns regarding their accessibility, affordability, and potential health implications. Sachet alcoholic beverages, often available at low prices and in convenient packaging, have become popular among low-income and underage consumers, leading to heightened risks of alcohol-related harm, including addiction, accidents, and adverse health effects (WHO, 2018). In response to these concerns, regulatory bodies like NAFDAC have periodically implemented measures to control the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages, with a recent notable intervention being the ban on alcoholic beverages in sachet format announced in February 2024. This ban represents a significant regulatory action aimed at curbing the adverse effects associated with the consumption of cheap and readily available alcoholic products.

However, the efficacy of such regulatory interventions remains uncertain without comprehensive empirical evidence on their impact. Understanding the effects of NAFDAC's ban on sachet alcoholic beverages is essential for informing future policymaking efforts and evaluating the effectiveness of regulatory strategies in promoting public health objectives (WHO, 2018). This study seeks to address this gap by examining the implications of NAFDAC's regulatory actions on alcohol consumption patterns, health outcomes, and socio-economic factors in Nigeria. By conducting a thorough investigation into the consequences of the ban on sachet alcoholic beverages, this research aims to provide insights into the complex dynamics between regulatory policies, consumer behavior, and public health outcomes in Nigeria. Through rigorous analysis and empirical evidence, this study endeavors to contribute valuable knowledge that can guide policymakers, health professionals, and other stakeholders in formulating evidence-based strategies to promote healthier lifestyles and mitigate the harms associated with alcohol consumption.

1.2 Statement of the problem

In recent years, Nigeria has witnessed a surge in the consumption of alcoholic beverages, particularly those sold in sachet packaging, raising concerns about their detrimental effects on public health. Against this backdrop, the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) instituted a ban on sachet alcoholic beverages in February 2024, aiming to mitigate the associated health risks. However, the effectiveness of such regulatory interventions in safeguarding human health remains uncertain (Out, 2010). This study seeks to investigate the impact of NAFDAC's ban on sachet alcoholic beverages on human health in Nigeria, exploring its implications for consumption patterns, alcohol-related health outcomes, and socio-economic factors affecting accessibility and affordability. By assessing the effectiveness of government regulatory bodies in addressing public health concerns related to alcohol consumption, this research aims to provide insights into policy formulation and implementation strategies to promote healthier lifestyles and protect the well-being of Nigerian citizens.

1.3 Objective of the study

Generally, the study analyze the impact of government regulatory bodies on human health in Nigeria, a study of NAFDAC bans on alcoholic beverages in sachet in February 2024. The specific objectives is as follows

  1. To identify the prevalence of alcohol-related health issues before the enforcement of NAFDAC's ban on sachet alcoholic beverages in february 2024.
  2. To investigate the factors influencing the accessibility of alcoholic beverages in Nigeria.
  3. To assess the effectiveness of NAFDAC's regulatory measures in monitoring the ban on alcoholic beverages in sachet.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions have been prepared to guide the study

  1. Is there a prevalence of alcohol-related health issues before the enforcement of NAFDAC's ban on sachet alcoholic beverages in February 2024.
  2. To investigate the factors influencing the accessibility of alcoholic beverages in Nigeria.
  3. To assess the effectiveness of NAFDAC's regulatory measures in monitoring the ban on alcoholic beverages in sachet.

1.5 Research hypotheses

The hypotheses have been formulated to further guide the study

H0: NAFDAC's regulatory measures is not effective in monitoring the ban on alcoholic beverages in sachet in February 2024.

Ha: NAFDAC's regulatory measures is effective in monitoring the ban on alcoholic beverages in sachet in February 2024.

1.6 Significance of the study

The study will be significant to the following

Ministry of health: By examining the impact of NAFDAC's ban on sachet alcoholic beverages, the study can shed light on the effectiveness of regulatory interventions in mitigating alcohol-related health risks. This knowledge is crucial for policymakers, healthcare professionals, and public health advocates in designing evidence-based strategies to address alcohol-related morbidity and mortality.

Policymakers: The findings of this study can inform the evaluation of existing regulatory measures and the formulation of future policies aimed at curbing harmful alcohol consumption practices. Understanding the strengths and limitations of NAFDAC's ban can guide policymakers in refining regulatory frameworks to better protect public health while considering industry dynamics and consumer preferences.

Academia: the study will be significant to the academic community as it will contribute to the existing literature.

1.7 Scope of the study

The study focuses on the impact of government regulatory bodies on human health in Nigeria, a study of NAFDAC bans on alcoholic beverages in sachet in February 2024. Hence, the study will identify the prevalence of alcohol-related health issues before the enforcement of NAFDAC's ban on sachet alcoholic beverages in february 2024,  investigate the factors influencing the accessibility of alcoholic beverages in Nigeria and  assess the effectiveness of NAFDAC's regulatory measures in monitoring the ban on alcoholic beverages in sachet.

1.8 Limitation of the study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint are:

Time: The researcher encountered time constraint as the researcher had to carry out this research along side other academic activities such as attending lectures and other educational activities required of her.

Finance: The researcher incurred more financial expenses in carrying out this study such as typesetting, printing, sourcing for relevant materials, literature, or information and in the data collection process.

Availability of Materials: The researcher encountered challenges in sourcing for literature in this study. The scarcity of literature on the subject due to the nature of the discourse was a limitation to this study.

1.9 Definition of terms

NAFDAC (National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control): NAFDAC is a regulatory agency in Nigeria responsible for ensuring the safety, quality, and efficacy of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, and other related products. It oversees the registration, regulation, and control of the manufacturing, importation, distribution, advertising, and sale of these products to protect public health.

Alcoholic Beverages: Alcoholic beverages refer to drinks containing ethanol (alcohol) as the primary psychoactive ingredient. These include various types of beverages such as beer, wine, spirits, liqueurs, and others, which are consumed for recreational, social, cultural, or religious purposes.

Sachet Alcoholic Beverages: Sachet alcoholic beverages are alcoholic drinks packaged in small, single-serving sachets typically containing a few ounces of liquid. These products are often sold at lower prices and are perceived as more affordable and accessible, contributing to concerns about their potential impact on public health, particularly regarding alcohol abuse and related health risks.

Regulatory Bodies: Regulatory bodies are government agencies or organizations responsible for developing, implementing, and enforcing regulations and standards to ensure compliance with laws, policies, and guidelines within specific industries or sectors. In the context of this study, regulatory bodies may include NAFDAC and other relevant agencies involved in overseeing the production, distribution, and sale of alcoholic beverages in Nigeria.

Public Health: Public health refers to the science and practice of promoting and protecting the health and well-being of populations. It encompasses various efforts aimed at preventing disease, prolonging life, and improving quality of life through organized community efforts, including health promotion, disease prevention, health surveillance, environmental health, and policy interventions.





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