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ASSESSMENT OF WATER POVERTY IN MINNA, NIGERIA

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  • 1-5 Chapters
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  • Recommended for : Student Researchers
  • NGN 3000

ABSTRACT

Water is explicitly linked with economic progress and developmental trajectories of most countries and regions of the world. However, inspite of its significant contribution to quality of life, public health and socio-economic development, water scarcity has continuously remained one of the most excruciating problems around the globe. In view of the disproportionate nature of water scarcity, both in space and time, coupled with urban population growth dynamics this thesis assesses the level of water stress at household and neighbourhood level in Minna urban, Nigeria within the framework of water poverty methodology, with a view to identify the priority areas requiring policy interventions. By utilizing cluster sampling technique, data on household water sources, water stress features and adaptation measures were obtained through questionnaire administered on 378 households in 8 selected neighbourhoods in the study area. These were complemented with data from the Niger State Water and Sewerage Corporation (NSWSC) on public water supply network in the study area. The data were analysed using descriptive (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistics (ANOVA, cross-tabulation, linear scaling technique, correlation, principal component analysis and independent T-Test). Findings from the study revealed that households in the study area are characterized by low level of access to public water supply and rely on other informal non-network water sources to augment improved water source. The empirical findings also indicated that water poverty levels vary among the neighbourhoods in the study area and manifest in spatial terms with Tudun wada south neighbourhood exhibiting the best water situation while F-Layout has the worst water situation. The study further revealed that storage of water in drums (100 liters and above), rain water harvest and installation of storage tanks were the three (3) top ranked most effective household adaptive strategies in coping with water poverty in the study area. As a recommendation, policy makers as a matter of priority should give first level priority attention to improving water use across all the neighbourhoods in the study area. This is followed by accessibility to water, which requires second level priority in term of water improvement in F-Layout, Kpakungu, Maitumbi, Saukakahuta and Tudun-Fulani. Resource is the third priority area for attention and would be advantageous to F-Layout, Saukakahuta and Tudun-Fulan




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