0704-883-0675     |      dataprojectng@gmail.com

TYPES, PREVALENCE AND CAUSES OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AMONG SELECTED COUPLES

  • Project Research
  • 1-5 Chapters
  • Quantitative
  • Simple Percentage
  • Abstract : Available
  • Table of Content: Available
  • Reference Style: APA
  • Recommended for : Student Researchers
  • NGN 3000

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Domestic abuse is a problem that is entrenched in many societies across the globe and Nigeria is not an exception. Research in this area such as the one done by Ezeh, & Gage, (1998) has shown that this type of violence has traumatised many Nigerian couples. Domestic violence remains a persistent problem because of the power and control held by the abuser; the fear, intimidation and humiliation suffered by the victim of this crime (Dutton, 1995).

The oldest and most prevalent institution in the world today is the marriage institution. In all cultures, there is a particular sanctity attached to this institution, so much that it is particularly considered to be a building block of any society. The pivotal position of marriage has made domestic violence a subject of interest to various disciplines, government, religious sects and professional associations (Arldine, 1994).

American Psychological Association (APA) (1996) defined domestic violence as a pattern of abusive behaviour including a wide range of physical, sexual, and psychological maltreatment used by a person in an intimate relationship against another to gain power unfairly or to maintain the misuse of power, control and authority.

The role of spouse in family relationship is significant, such that some people have acclaimed it to be a surviving family adjustment. However, this role has its own problems. Some spouses have been found to be abused in various forms, ranging from sexual to financial abuse and communicative abuse. All these have implication on family relationship (Adams, 1988)

Domestic violence occurs in traditional heterosexual marriages, as well as in some sexual partnership. The abuse may occur during a relationship  or after the relationship has ended. The key elements of domestic violence are: intimidation, humiliation and physical injury. Going by the definition of domestic violence, couples engage in it to control the other partner and keep him/her from departing or quitting the relationship.  A critical look at the definition of domestic violence will reveal that they assume the dimension of portraying women as the victims bearing the brunt, while men are seen as perpetrators (Adams, 1988).

This could be as a result of the widely held beliefs that women are the weaker sex while men are by right, the head of the family that must be obeyed. Nigeria as a country has her own fair share of domestic violence, which could be seen in the rate of divorce, separation and marital dishonesty in the country.

According to Adebirigbe, (2004) in his study on wife beating in western Nigeria, it was found that 32% of women indicated that they have experienced abuse, 21% believe strongly that wives should be beaten while 72% believe that wives should be beaten once in a while.

Berkowitz, (1989) identified marital conflict to exist along a particular continuum which are:

1.            Occasional verbal quarrels

2.            Frequent verbal quarrels

3.            Occasional physiological quarrel

4.            Frequent physical quarrel

5.            Psychological separation

6.            Physical separation

7.            Divorce

A close look at this shows that a particular couple is expected to go through the whole stages, but it is not necessarily so in all situations. Some couples get to the divorce stage without going through physical quarrels and physical separation, while some resolve the conflict completely before it gets to divorce stage (Brownmiller, 1976).

Researchers such Chukwuma, (2002), indicated domestic violence, through prevalent in Nigeria is still largely under reported, if reported at all. The causes of domestic violence can be seen in two broad categories. The traditional causes such as culture, ethnicity and religion are those factors that are commonly seen and discussed as leading to fighting among couples. They are immediate causes that can be pin pointed as leading to violence in the home. These include, among others, sex role, sexual dissatisfaction and infidelity, ego massage, income disparity, religion differences, alcohol consumption, money matters, childlessness, influence of inlaws etc (Chukwuma, 2002).

Secondly, contemporary causes of domestic violence are those underlying remote factors such as frequent verbal quarrels, occasional physiological quarrel, frequent physical quarrel and psychological separation that are not easily seen or implicated, yet they influence violence behaviour in marital relationship. Domestic violence has now become a common phenomenon. It should be noted here that as husbands abuse their wives so also wives abuse their husbands (Steinmetz, 1997). It is only the degree that varies. The question then is how well has domestic violence or abuse been able to achieve its end? Has domestic violence solve the problems of family discord, divorce, separation etc experienced today?

Base on the above picture, the study is to determine the influence domestic violence on family relationship among couple in Musin Local Government Area of Lagos State.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

It has been found that various forms of domestic violence exist in some family relationship and has degenerated into various marital problems among which are child negligence, communication gaps, destruction of property, divorce, separation and ultimately death (Chukwuma, 2002).

Many marriages today, have failed unmendably due to domestic violence. For instance, many couples, especially the men folks, have resorted to settling scores with their wives through aggressive actions such as beating and fighting on any slightest provocation. In some families, love has flown away, and has been replaced by spousal hate and aggression. For instance, in many couples’ homes, occasional verbal quarrels, frequent verbal quarrels, occasional physiological quarrels, frequent physical quarrels, psychological quarrels and separation which in any case, lead to physical separation and total divorce, have resigned supreme. No wonder in our customary and conventional courts today, there are cases of divorce occasioned by domestic violence or aggression among spouses (Davis, & Lee, 1996).

Based on the above picture, this study is therefore meant to determine the prevalence, types and causes of domestic violence among couples in Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos State.

 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The primary purpose of this study are to:

  1. Determine the relationship between domestic violence and family relationship among newly wedded couples in Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos State.
  2. Determine the difference between domestic violence among couples with many years marriage and newly wedded couples in Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos.
  3. Identify the causes of domestic violence among couples.
  4. Find out the types of domestic violence among couples in Lagos State.
  5. Discuss the implications of the problems and findings for marital and family counselling.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

This study will provide answer to the following questions:

  1. What are the types of domestic violence?
  2. What are the perceived and real effect of domestic violence?
  3. What are the causes of domestic violence among couples?
  4. Is religion related to domestic violence?
  5. To what extent will ethnicity affects couples’ relationship?

RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

The hypotheses that guide the study are as follows:

Ho1: Years of marriage will not significantly relate to domestic violence among couples.

Ho2: Religion will not be a significant factor in the incidence of violence among couples

Ho3: There will be no significant relationship between domestic violence and newly wedded couples.

Ho4: There will be no significant relationship between domestic violence and old couples.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The outcome of this study will be of great benefit to the married couples, marriage counsellors, children of violent couples and the society at large.

With reference to the married couples, the finding of this study will help them identify some of this evil effects of violence not only on them as perpetrators but also on everyone who maintains intimate relationship with them such as their children and extended family members or friends. Thus, be able to control their anger.

Also, marriage counsellors will be able to identify the various forms of violence among couples and be able to provide adequate counselling assistance whenever the need arises.

On the other way, children of violent couples will be exposed to the right attitude to violent behaviour of their parents so as not to grow up as perpetrators of domestic violence. These children will also be educated on the need to always develop healthy emotional life inspite of the violent circumstance prevailing among them.

The society at large will be made to the damning effects of domestic violence on family relationship. It will also assist the society to see and accept marriage as a loving relationship that should be devoid of humiliation, intimidation, threat and physical injury.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study basically covered married couples in Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos. Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos is predominantly the commercial nerve centre of the state with all its inhabitants from all social classes of the Nigerian economy.

DEFINITION OF TERMS

Domestic Violence: Domestic violence which is otherwise referred to as spousal abuse is described as when adults in a relationship misuse power to control another whereas such establishment of control in the relationship is through violence and other form of abuse. It is also defined as a pattern of abusive behaviour including a wide range of physical sexual and psychological maltreatment used by one person in an intimate relationship against another to gain power unfairly or to maintain the person misuse of power, control and authority. The following factors amount to domestic violence; occasional verbal quarrels, frequent verbal quarrels, occasional physiological quarrel, frequent physical quarrel, psychological separation, physical separation and divorce.

Family Relationship: This is defined as the relationship of trust, love and care existing between couples who have agreed to co-exist as husband and wife. It is the foundation or bedrock of all other societal relationship. Family relationship is expected to last till death do couples part. The following factors amount to domestic violence; occasional verbal quarrels, frequent verbal quarrels, occasional physiological quarrel, frequent physical quarrel, psychological separation, physical separation and divorce.





Related Project Materials

THE ROLE OF DATA ANALYTICS IN DETECTING FINANCIAL REPORTING ANOMALIES

Abstract:

This study examines the role of data analytics in detecting financial reporting anomalies in...

Read more
EFFECTS OF INSTRUCTIONAL TEACHING AIDS ON LEARNING ATTITUDES OF ADULT LEARNERS IN ADULT LITERACY CENTERS  

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation of the factors affecting academic performance with t...

Read more
THE EFFECT OF THE STUDY ENVIRONMENT AND THE PERFORMANCE OF SECRETERIAL STUDENTS

Background Of The Study

Over the year, it has been observed that environmental forces pose a great infl...

Read more
IMPACT OF PUBLIC RELATIONS IN FIRST BANK OF NIGERIA PLC

ABSTRACT

This research project was embarked upon to evaluate the role of public relations in the bankin...

Read more
AN ANALYSIS OF THE RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN WAR ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RUSSIA AND ITS NATO ALLIES  

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to analyze the Russian-Ukrainian war on the relationship between Russia and its Nato...

Read more
INFLUENCE OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION ON RESPECT FOR DIVERSITY

ABSTRACT: This study explores the influence of early childhood education (ECE)...

Read more
ISOLATION AND ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERN OF ESCHERICHIA COLI ISOLATES FROM STOOLS OF DIARRHOIEC CHILDREN BELOW 5 YEARS IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

E. coli has become widespread in distribution and recognised both as harmless commensal and a versatile pathogen. It has emerged...

Read more
THE IMPACT OF BUDGETING AND BUDGETARY CONTROL IN CONSTRUCTION PROJECT DELIVERY IN NIGERIA

Abstract

The study intends to investigate the impact of budgeting and budgetary control in construction project delivery...

Read more
DRAMA AS A TOOL FOR ADDRESSING GENDER INEQUALITY IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

Gender inequality has eaten deep, destroying human and socio-cultural harmony in Nigeria. Discussions on this i...

Read more
ANTIDIARRHOAEL EFFECT OF METHANOL STEM BARK EXTRACT OF HYMENOCARDIA ACIDA (EUPHOBIACEAE) IN LABORATORY ANIMALS

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the antidiarrheal activity of the methanol stem bark extract of Hymenocardia...

Read more
Share this page with your friends




whatsapp