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ANALYSIS OF GOVERNMENT POLICY'S IMPACT ON ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES OF STUDENTS

  • Project Research
  • 1-5 Chapters
  • Quantitative
  • Chi-Square
  • Abstract : Available
  • Table of Content: Available
  • Reference Style: APA
  • Recommended for : Student Researchers
  • NGN 3000

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

It is the responsibility of government to develop and execute policies that will benefit its citizens (Burtch, 2006). It is their responsibility to establish order and provide an enabling atmosphere for the flourishing of its people, as well as to provide for their future. In time, the government and society as a whole will be divided into structures that should ideally work together to achieve a shared purpose (Oguntimehin, 2004).

However, as society evolves and the intricacies of governance, particularly policymaking, certain policies targeted at increasing one aspect of governance and people's overall well-being begin to distort the goals of others, and vice versa. Using the Nigerian society as a case study, it is clear that one of the country's main, if not the most significant, challenges is unity, particularly among the numerous ethnic groups that make up the country (Barnett, 2006). To fight this, the federal government and state governments implement measures aimed at bridging divides and fostering harmony. One example is colleges needing to implement a quota system for candidates from different ethnic groups in order to encourage them to attend school in areas where it is not available and to raise literacy levels in areas where it is severely deficient (Oguntimehin, 2004). While such a strategy promotes unity, it frequently has a detrimental impact on the educational quality of institutions and, as a result, on their operations (Burtch, 2006).

Uninformed policies, such as budget allocation, might also have an impact on academic activity (Burtch, 2006). When lecturers and non-academic staff members are not paid, they go on strike, which has a direct impact on academic activity at the state's institutions.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

It may not appear so, but educational practices like as financing, appointments, admissions, research, and so on are all subject to political approval (Barnett, 2006). This is because, despite the fact that the educational system is based on a system, the government is required to develop and modify policies on a regular basis in order to keep it working (Oguntimehin, 2004). And, as with anything influenced by the outside world, some educational policies, whether directly or indirectly, have a beneficial or bad impact on its operations.

This is the dilemma that has prompted the current research project, which aims to investigate the influence of government policy on academic activities in Nigeria's Ondo state.

1.3   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. Do government policies directly affect academic activities in the state or are they merely remote causes of some of offsets?
  2. What are these policies that impact?

1.4    OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this research work is to adequately and satisfactorily study the impact of government policy on academic activities in Ondo state. This is carried out with the aim of designing ways of reducing it’s negative impact on the academic calendar.

Again, the findings and recommendations that are proffered in this word are informed by the hope of giving government workable measures to put in place in this regard so as to ensure a smooth and undisrupted sessions which are hardly the situation in Ondo state and Nigeria in general.

This work aims also at developing materials that will help lobby government into establishing a commission mandated to checking and reducing undesirable impacts of government policies on academic activities in the state.

1.5   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

However government policies impact on the academic activities of schools in the state, it is usually a result of positive aims in view. So that what is needed is a deep study of these impacts which would present to policy makers safest ways to manoeuvre through them.

Before now, the question that has brought this work to light has not been grappled with, at least not in the way that is proposed to be done here. Therefore, this work is of importance to other states and schools outside Ondo state.

1.6   RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

The working assumptions upon this research work is begun includes:

  1. That government policies directly and indirectly impact upon the academic activities of schools in the state.
  2. Often times these impacts are more negative than positive.

1.7   SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The focus of this study is on the academic activities. In the case of universities, the impacts of government policy on non academic departments would not be treated in anyway but may be made reference to.

The instances and working hypothesis will be limited to that of schools and school boards in Ondo state Nigeria and more emphasis will be laid on the kinds of impacts that are peculiar to the state while those shared with other Nigerian states will be discussed after.

1.8   LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

The major limiting factor in the course of this research is in the coalition of the research data. In order to gather adequate material for the study, the present writer has to go through the various schools within the state.

1.9   DEFINITION OF TERMS

Policy: This refers to a course of action and procedures formulated for use in an organization for particular issues.





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