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A PHYSICOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF BOREHOLE WATER AND SACHET WATER IN OWERRI MUNICIPAL: ANALYTICAL COMPARISON

  • Project Research
  • 1-4 Chapters
  • Quantitative
  • Simple Percentage
  • Abstract : Available
  • Table of Content: Available
  • Reference Style: APA
  • Recommended for : Student Researchers
  • NGN 3000

Water to be used for human consumption must be meet certain requirements. It must be free of all disease causing microorganisms, low in concentration of compounds that are acutely toxic or that have serious long term effect on heath. Ideally water for drinking should be clear, free of odour and compound that can cause colour or taste. Drinking water from the ground is obtained by drilling boreholes and shallow wells through the existing water table to form a well point. In certain regions of southern Africa, as the water percolates through the soil, harmful physical, biological and chemical constituents (e.g. fine suspended matter, faecal coliform and fluoride) become contained in the water making it unsuitable for human consumption.

       The quality of drinking water has attracted great attention worldwide because of implied public health impacts. Sachet packaged drinking water is very common in Nigeria. It is often found as a major source of water at food canteens and sold by many food vendors in the country. The majority of the population consume it, hence the need to ascertain the qualities of sachet and borehole water in order to safeguard the health of consumers. Many common and widespread health risks have been found to be associated with drinking water in developing countries, a large percentage of which are of biological origin21. Unsafe water, poor sanitation and good hygiene have been reported to rank third among the 20 leading risk factors for health burden in developing countries including Nigeria22.

       The guidelines for drinking water quality (W.H.O) are intended for use by countries as a basis for the development of national standards which if properly implemented will ensure the safety of drinking water supplies23.

 

1.6 OBJECTIVES OF THE WORK

        It is of most importance that any water sample intended to be used is properly analyzed to determine its quality and to know the extent to which it should be treated. This analysis is necessary because the bulk of water supplied to the public for domestic uses or industrial purposes entail that most probably, they will have their different quantities, hence the needs to determine the quality of each sample.

     The main purpose of this work is to ascertain the quality of borehole water and sachet water from Owerri Municipal, Imo State by determining the physiochemical parameters of the waters in order compare both water and ascertain the one that have more portability for human consumption.

1.7 SAMPLING

        Sampling technique must be considered for any analysis. The accuracy of the analysis depends on proper sampling. Sampling is simply collection of materials. Precautions should be taken during sampling and this includes;

  1. The container should be clean.
  2. Tin and steel containers should not be used as they cause corrosion.
  3. Samples should be labelled accurately.
  4. Water from tap should be carefully flushed/pumped before collection and tap shouldn’t touch containers to avoid contamination.

Volume of water should be large enough for accurate analysis.




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