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1. A STUDY ON GARLIC (Allium sativum L.) MEAL AND ITS EFFECT AS A FEEDING INGREDIENT IN BROILER CHICKEN DIET

3 Student Researchers Quantitative

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Because of the alleged harmful consequences of antibiotic resistance on human health, there is growing demand to decrease or abolish the use of antibiotics in poultry feed (Javandel et al., 2008). A nationwide regulation prohibiting the use of antibiotics in poultry is in place in the United States (USDA, 2005). As a result, poultry farmers are exploring for antibiotic alternatives that are less expensive and have less side e...

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2. EFFECT OF LITTER SIZE ON THE BODY WEIGHT OF RABBIT

3 Educators Quantitative

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Domestic rabbits are of the descendants of oryctolagus cunniculus specie that is native to the western Mediterranean basin. The rabbit was domesticated recently with most breeds being developed by humans and are not older than 300 years (Lebas and Colin, 1992).

The rabbit has being used as an experimental animal in genetics and reproductive physiology since the beginning of the century but it was not until 1950 that...

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3. A SURVEY ON DIROFILARIA IMMITIS AND ITS PREVALENCE IN DOGS IN ZARIA

3 Student Researchers Quantitative

EXCERPT FROM THE STUDY

Dirofilaria immitis: Is a common parasite of dogs (and some other carnivores) in many parts of the world. It is considerably veterinary problem, particularly in U.S.A and Japan. In the dogs, adult worms lie coiled in tangled masses in the right ventricle of the heart. The microfilaria circulates in the blood and is transmitted by mosquitoes (Clarke, 2005).

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4. Staphylococcus aureus ISOLATED FROM COW MEAT: ISOLATION, IDENTIFICATION, AND ANTIBIOGRAM

3 Student Researchers Qualitative

INTRODUCTION

A consumer's right is to receive a high-quality product and not one that poses a health risk. Cow flesh is very appealing, delicious, easily digested, and nutritionally dense. 20-45% of cow meat consists of protein; the remainder consists of water, fat, phosphate, iron, vitamins, and zinc (USDA, 2011). Quality products are ones that satisfy some customer demand or expectation and are also safe and healthy (Sahoo et al. 1996). Cow meat's microbio...

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5. THE IMPACT OF LITTER SIZE ON THE BODY WEIGHT OF RABBIT

3 Student Researchers Qualitative

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The wild species of Oryctolagus cuniculus, from which domestic rabbits descended, is native to the western Mediterranean basin. Domestic rabbits are descended from this species. Recent domestication of the rabbit has resulted in the majority of varieties being established by humans and dating back no more than 300 years (Heath, & Olusanya, 2021).

Since the beginning of the 20th century, researchers in the fields...

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6. THE PREVALENCE OF POULTRY DISEASE AND IT MORTALITY RATE

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of poultry disease and its mortality rate using selected commercial poultry farms in Uyo, Akwa Ibom state as a case study. Specifically, the study aimed at determining the prevalence r...

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7. TRANSMISSION OF EBOLA VIRUS ON ANIMAL AND HUMANS

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

Ebola virus (EBV) is a deadly virus that has resulted in a number of deaths during its outbreaks in Africa in 2014–2016 and 2018–2019. This virus causes a hemorrhagic fever like other pathogenic viruses of the Filoviridae family with high mortality rate. The Ebola virus disease (EVD) occurred in a small town near the ebola river from which it intakes its name. EVD first found in 1976 in simultaneous out breaks one is Nzara South Sudan and second...

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8. TRANSMISSION OF MONKEYPOX VIRUS ON ANIMAL AND HUMANS IN NIGERIA

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

This is a research work on the transmission of monkeypox virus on animal and humans in Nigeria using Bayelsa State as case study. it is aimed at examining the symptoms of Monkey pox, ways through which monkey  pox is transmitted and  whether the use of smallpox vaccines  reduces the risk of monkeypox. The area of study wasOkolobiri General Hospital, Bayelsa State. This study is divided into five chapters. Chapter one gives the general introdu...

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9. ANTITRYPANOSOMAL EFFECT OF CRUDE SCORPION VENOM EXTRACT IN TRYPANOSOMA EVANSI INFECTED SWISS ALBINO RATS

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT Despite the control measures against trypanosomiasis over the past few decades, the disease still contributes to the current economic losses and socio-political crises in the sub-Saharan Africa. The recent interest of chemotherapists in aggressive search for novel antitrypanosomal drug agents informed this current investigation to elucidate the acute toxicity and antitrypanosomal efficacy of crude scorpion venom in Trypanosoma evansi infected rats. Eighty (80) medium sized scorpions,...

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10. EFFECTS OF VITELLARIA PARADOXA LEAF DIETS ON GROWTH AND NUTRITIONAL CONTENTS OF CIRINA FORDA (LEPIDOPTERA: SATURNIIDAE)

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT The current challenge of food security has called for exploitation of natural product, with potential nutritional and therapeutic characteristic, especially from less tapped agent. Cirina forda belongs to the Order Lepidoptera, family satuniidae, it’s an insect that has been well described with good source of protein, fat, minerals and vitamins. Their non existence in the places of natural occurrence remained a reason of concerned to the populace that enjoys them in their dishe...

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11. EVALUATION OF BIOACTIVE METABOLITE CONTENTS, MOSQUITO LARVICIDAL AND ANTI-PLASMODIAL ACTIVITIES OF EXTRACTS OF THE SPIDER Neoscona adianta

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

In spite of the extensive control efforts, over the years, mosquito still transmit serious human diseases, cause millions of deaths every year and the development of resistance to chemical insecticides resulting in rebounding vectorial capacity. This situation is aggravated with the re-emergence of drug resistance of mosquito borne diseases especially malaria. The current study was therefore designed to assess the mosquito larvicidal potency and antiplasmodial efficacy of t...

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12. EVALUATION OF GAMMA RADIATION-INDUCED MUTANT LINES OF SESAME (SESAMUM INDICUM L.) FOR GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF SOME DESIRABLE TRAITS

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

The creation, evaluation and selection of mutants with desirable traits have served as source of genetic variability for breeding programmes of many crops. Thus, eleven mutant lines of sesame developed through induced gamma irradiation were evaluated in the M4 generation alongside the three parental varieties [NCRIBEN 04E (check-1), NCRIBEN 01M (check-2) and NCRIBEN 03L (check-3)]. The mutant lines and their respective checks were laid in a randomized complete block design...

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13. EVALUATION OF GROUNDNUT (Arachis hypogaea L.) GERMPLASMINNIGERSTATE FOR AGRONOMIC TRAITS

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

Groundnut is an annual legume and one of the world’s most important oilseed crops. Inorder to access the genetic diversity of groundnut in Niger state, a germplasmcollectionmission was undertaken to three agricultural zones of the state. These zones represent themajor groundnut producing areas of Niger state. Fourty-five farmers were interviewedusing a validated questionnaire. The germplasm collected were evaluated for agromorphological parameters at the experimental...

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14. EVALUATION OF MOLLUSCICIDAL ACTIVITIES OF CRUDE AND ALKALOIDAL FRACTION OF ANOGEISSUS LEIOCARPUS (AFRICAN BITCH) AND PSEUDOCEDRELA KOTSCHYI (DRY ZONE CEDAR) ON VECTOR OF SCHISTOSOMIASIS

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

Over the years, the use of plant-based molluscicides has received substantial consideration in the satisfaction for cost-effective alternatives to chemotherapy and synthetic molluscicides in schistosomiasis control. This study was aimed at evaluating the molluscicidal potentials of crude and Alkaloidal fractions of Anogeissus leiocarpus and Pseudocedrela kostchyi against vector of schistosomiasis. Both aqueous and methanol crude extracts of the plants were tested for the pr...

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15. FEEDING ECOLOGY AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF SOME FISH SPECIES FROM TUNGAN KAWO RESERVOIR, KONTAGORA, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

The study of the biology of three fish species; Tilapia zillii, Clarias gariepinus and Synodontis clarias with reference to their diet composition is an important aspect in fish biology. This research was aimed at evaluating the Feeding Ecology and nutritional status of selected fish species from Tungan Kawo Reservoir, Kontagora, from July 2018 February 2019. The Physicochemical parameters, stomach content analysis, proximate composition and amino acid profile were determin...

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16. IN VIVO EFFICACY OF METHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF ROOT AND LEAF OF Morinda lucida IN Plasmodium berghei - INFECTED MICE

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

Therapeutic effects of the methanolic root extract and a combination of leaf and root extracts of Morinda lucida were evaluated for antiplasmodial activities. The phytochemical screening of the methanolic root extract showed the presence of saponins, flavonoids, alkaloids, phenolic nucleus and phlobotannins. The LD50 of the crude methanolic root extract was calculated to be 3807.89mg/kg and percentage suppression of parasitaemia was 56.30, 59.84, 67.72 and 81.80% for doses...

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17. MACROINVERTEBRATE DIVERSITY AND WATER QUALITY PATTERN OF A MUNICIPAL STREAM IN DOKO DISTRICT, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

3 Student Researchers

Abstract

Macroinvertebrates organisms form significant part of an aquatic ecosystem which are of ecological and economic importance because they maintain various levels of interaction within aquatic environment. Emikpata stream in Doko district, Niger State, Nigeria is used for a variety of purposes such as irrigation, cattle drinking and domestic purposes. The macroinvertebrate diversity and water quality patterns of the stream were evaluated for a period of eight months using the...

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18. PERFORMANCE OF BROILER CHICKENS FED BITTER LEAF AND MORINGA LEAF MEAL BASED DIETS UNDER SINGLE PHASE FEEDING REGIME

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

The effect of feeding bitter leaf and moringa leaf meals based diets under single phase feed regime on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, carcass characteristics and sensory evaluation of broiler chickens was investigated. One hundred and eighty Cobb 500 strains of day old chicks were sorted and randomly distributed to six dietary treatments. Each treatment was replicated thrice with ten birds per replicate in a completely randomized design experiment. The treatmen...

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19. PERFORMANCE OF JAPANESE QUAILS (Coturnix coturnix japonica) FED DIETS CONTAINING DIFFERENT PROTEIN AND ENERGY LEVELS

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

A study which lasted 70 days was conducted to determine the performance of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) fed diets containing four different protein and four energy levels. Five hundred and seventy six (576) Japanese quail aged two weeks were used for this experiment. Battery cages with 48 different compartments were used. The Japanese quails were randomly distributed into 16 treatments and each treatment was replicated three (3) times and 12 quails per repli...

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20. PHYSICOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS AND MACROINVERTEBRATE FUNCTIONAL FEEDING GROUPS IN RIVER CHANCHAGA, MINNA, NIGER STATE

3 Student Researchers

Background to the Study

Water is necessary for human survival. This well-recognized fact is the basis for the emerging view of basic human water needs as a human right to water (Glieck, 1998; Cunha, 2009). Rivers are among the most-threatened ecological systems of the globe (Arimoro and Keke, 2016; Edegbene et al., 2020). Freshwater bodies in the tropics are recognised as important resources for global biodiversity preservation and protection (Arimoro et al., 2015; Tonkin et al., 20...

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21. PREVALENCE, CLINICAL MANIFESTATION AND ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND PRACTICES OF LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS IN PAIKORO LOCAL GOVERNMENT, NIGER STATE

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

There are ongoing current efforts of mass drug administration for the interruption of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in Nigeria but the disease is still one of the major disabling filarial diseases of public health significance. Unupdated possible data on the transmission of LF informed this study to elucidate the prevalence of Wuchereria bancrofti infection in Paikoro Local Government, Niger State. Immunochromatographic card test (ICT) for detecting circulating filarial antigen...

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22. SECOLOGICAL RISK OF HEAVY METALS IN SURFACE WATER, SEDIMENT AND DOMINANT FISH SPECIES FROM TUNGAN KAWO RESERVOIR, KONTAGORA, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

Developing countries like Nigeria are faced with increased in generation of domestic, industrial and agricultural wastes that found their way into the surrounding water bodies which are slowly contaminating the water. This study was aim to evaluate ecological risk of heavy metals in surface water, sediment and dominant fish species from Tungan Kawo Reservoir, Kontagora, Niger State, Nigeria. Physico-chemical parameters and heavy metals in surface water, sediment and three c...

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23. THE EFFICACY OF A COMMERCIAL HERBAL FORMULATION IN THE PREVENTION OF COCCIDIOSIS UNDER NATURAL EXPOSURE TO Eimeria SPECIES

3 Student Researchers

ABSTRACT

This study was under taken to determine the Efficacy of a Commercial Herbal Formulation in the Prevention of Coccidiosis under Natural Exposure to Eimeria Species in Animal Production Teaching and Research Farm during the period of March to May 2020. A total of 180 day old broiler chicks were randomly divided in to three treatments, in a completely randomized design with 3 replicates containing 20 birds each. The groups were designated T1, T2, and T3 respectively. Treatment...

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24. EFFECT OF CASSAVA FLOUR INCORPORATION IN THE FISH FEED EXTRUDATES

3 Student Researchers Quantitative

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Aquaculture, the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, has experienced significant growth over the past decades to meet the increasing global demand for seafood (FAO, 2020). The success of aquaculture operations relies on several factors, with one of the most critical being the formulation of high-quality fish feed. The composition and physicochemical characteristics of fish feed play a vital role in the growth, health, and overall perf...

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